Tyres are vital for your safety when you drive. Good high quality tyres will improve your safety in the same way that bad tyres will jeopardize your safety. When you go to a tyre shop, you will see a wide range of different tyres at differet prices. Without extensive knowledge it is difficult to make a correct choice. EU has made it mandatory for tyre manufacturers to add a label to the tyre with information regarding the tyre’s wet grip, fuel efficiency and tyre noise. This is to at least simplify the selection a bit. These might not be the most critical factors for you, but everyone should understand what they mean. The first decision is, however, if you need a summer tyre or a winter tyre.
I think most of us want to have tyres with a low rolling resistance, which means that they have good fuel efficiency. The wet grip, which also translates to safety, indicates how fast you can get a vehicle to stop on a wet surface. This will basically give a good indication of how safe the tyres are. Wet grip is harder to achieve than dry grip. The tyre noise will affect the driving comfort. A high tire noise can be very disturbing in the long run.
It is not only purchasing good tyres that have an impact on the safety, tyre maintenance is just as important. Good quality tyres with bad tyre pressure will not behave optimally, so it is very important that you keep checking that the tyre pressure is according to the car’s owner manual. Low tyre pressure will make the tyres wear out faster and will increase the rolling resistance. So if you selected a set of tyres because they had low rolling resistance and then you run them with low tyre pressure, you will negate that effect.
Over time as the tyres start to wear, it is important to monitor the tread depth to ensure that the depth of the grooves is more than 4mm. Once you go below that, you lose a lot of properties such as short braking distance, control and safety. The risk for aquaplaning is also increased.